Casualty evacuation, also known as CASEVAC or by the callsign Dustoff or colloquially Dust Off, is a military term for the emergency patient evacuation of casualties from a combat zone. Casevac can be done by both ground and air.
What is the meaning of Casevac?
Casualty Evacuation, or casevac, is a term used in the military that defines the transportation of injured individuals – be it civilians or soldiers – in serious condition from the point of injury to a medical or trauma facility where they can receive urgent medical attention.
What’s the meaning of medevac?
1 : emergency evacuation of the sick or wounded (as from a combat area) 2 : a helicopter used for medevac. medevac.
Where did the term Dustoff come from?
In 1963, the U.S. Army 57th Medical Detachment (Helicopter Ambulance) commander started using the radio call sign “Dustoff” for his medical evacuation chopper. The name arose, in part, because of the clouds of dust that would billow up when the helicopters took off or landed.
How do you evacuate casualty?
Kneel at one side of the casualty and place their arms beneath the casualty’s back, waist, hips, and knees. Lift the casualty while rising to their knees. Turn the casualty toward their chests, while rising to a standing position. Carry the casualty high to lessen fatigue.
What was a Dustoff in the Vietnam War?
During the Vietnam War, aeromedical evacuation units — commonly called by their radio call sign, “Dustoff” — and medevac units evacuated over 900,000 casualties. Nearly 3,000 of those can be attributed to two MOAA members.
What does Dustoff mean military?
Casualty evacuation, also known as CASEVAC or by the callsign Dustoff or colloquially Dust Off, is a military term for the emergency patient evacuation of casualties from a combat zone. Casevac can be done by both ground and air. “DUSTOFF” is the callsign specific to U.S. Army Air Ambulance units.
Are medevac helicopters armed?
Pilots, crew and medics who fly Afghanistan in 78 medevacs have a sole mission of recovering the wounded. Add guns to their helicopters and they would become a fighting aircraft too, according to the Army, which reviewed the issue in 2008 and decided to keep the medevacs unarmed.
Do medevac helicopters have guns?
Machine guns, related mounting equipment, ammunition and the gunners all add weight to the aircraft. The added weight would hinder the aircraft’s ability to work at higher altitudes because of reduced lift, as well as its speed and range.
Is Dustoff an acronym?
“DUSTOFF” is the callsign specific to U.S. Army Air Ambulance units. DUSTOFF is an acronym meaning Dedicated Unhesitating Service To Our Fighting Forces.
What is in Dustoff?
Dust-Off, a popular brand name of canned air, is a gaseous refrigerant-based propellant cleaner used to remove dust and dirt from computers and electronics. The main ingredient in Dust-Off is difluoroethane.
What are the three types of patient evacuation army?
Depending upon which level of care you are in, Care Under Fire, Tactical Field Care, or Tactical Evacuation Care, will dictate how the casualty is transported. The most common forms of evacuation are: ambulatory, manual carries, litter evacuation, ground evacuation, air evacuation, or sea evacuation.
What is a 5 line military?
The five paragraphs can be remembered with the acronym SMEAC: “S” Situation, “M” Mission, “E” Execution, “A” Administration/Logistics, “C” Command/Signal. There are a number of subtypes of these field orders, based on knowledge patterns specific to individual military branches.
What is an AXP army?
ambulance exchange point. A location where a patient is transferred from one ambulance to another en route to a medical treatment facility. This may be an established point in an ambulance shuttle or it may be designated independently. Also called AXP.
How do you use a litter in the army?
The command to move forward is “Four-man carry, MOVE.” The command to lower the litter is “Lower, LITTER.” Lift the litter in a smooth and even manner and keep it as level as possible at all times. If the terrain is level, use the four-man carry.
What is a carried chair called?
Another form, commonly called a sedan chair, consists of a chair or windowed cabin suitable for a single occupant, also carried by at least two porters in front and behind, using wooden rails that pass through brackets on the sides of the chair. These porters were known in London as “chairmen”.
What is the 9 line medevac?
9 Line is a military term that Medevacs use for calling in a combat injury. Because it is such a stressful and sometimes hectic situation, 9 line is the best way to calmly and accurately report that a soldier needs medical attention.
How do you make someone carry a litter?
Lay a blanket on the ground. Roll two opposite edges of the blanket toward the middle. The rolled edges of the blanket will serve as grips. A casualty is usually placed on a litter using the modified two-man arms carry or modified two-man fore-and-aft carry.